Tuesday, 01 August 2023 00:00

Risk Factors and Types of Dislocated Ankles

The ankle joint is a structure of bones, ligaments, muscles, and tendons that allow the foot to flex and point. At this complex joint, the tibia and fibula muscles of the calf connect with the talus bone of the foot, forming what is termed the ankle mortise. These bones bear the majority of weight bearing, while the ligaments that hold them in place provide stability. When this mechanism fails, usually as the result of some kind of trauma, the ankle becomes dislocated. The most common causes of a dislocated ankle are falls, car accidents, and sports injuries. Types of dislocations include posterior, anterior, lateral, and superior. A posterior dislocation, which is the most common, occurs when the talus is pushed forward while the tibia is pushed backward. A lateral dislocation, which occurs when the ankle is twisted, is usually accompanied by a bone fracture. A superior dislocation occurs when the talus is pushed upward into the space between the tibia and fibula, often the result of a fall or car crash. Treatment for a dislocated ankle depends on the type and severity of the injury, and recovery can take up to 3 months. For help with an ankle dislocation, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist.

Ankle pain can be caused by a number of problems and may be potentially serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Michael Schwartzman, DPM from Illinois and Indiana . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.


The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Bursitis
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis


Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.


Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.


Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in West Chicago, IL and Whiting, IN . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.


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